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Efforts to boost the cybersecurity workforce in Australia have been significant and have led to the employment of 134,690 professionals in 2021, according to the Australian Computer Society. Despite this progress, the industry’s rapid expansion has created a need for at least 25,000 more professionals to meet growing demands.

A career in cybersecurity offers diverse opportunities and can be pursued by individuals from various backgrounds due to its broad skill requirements and universal applications.

Here are five careers in cybersecurity to consider:

  1. Chief Information Security Officer (CISO)

The Chief Information Security Officer is the highest-ranking role in cybersecurity within an organisation. They are responsible for developing and implementing an organisation’s vision, strategy and programs to protect its information assets and technologies.

The CISO role is typically found in large organisations and government departments, such as Victoria’s Department of Health and Human Services, which recently advertised for a newly created CISO position with a salary of up to $183,601.

CISOs generally need a Master of IT Cyber Security degree, along with strong non-technical skills, including excellent communication and business insight.

  1. Cybersecurity Analyst

Cybersecurity Analysts are the front line of defence in an organisation’s cybersecurity team. In quiet times they monitor network access through logs and real-time dashboards. If a breach occurs, they’re ready to lead the response – defending information and infrastructure from attack.

Cybersecurity analysts need a range of technical skills. Penetration testing is used to analyse networks and systems with the goal of identifying weaknesses before cyber criminals find them. With computer forensics they analyse data from logs and reports to identify when and where breaches have occurred. They also use reverse engineering to find out the threat posed by a bug or malware.

Cybersecurity Analysts can expect to earn an average salary of $76,790.

To become a cyber security analyst, graduates typically need a bachelor’s or a master’s degree in IT or cybersecurity. 

  1. Cybersecurity Engineer

Cybersecurity Engineers design and build the networks and computer systems that Cybersecurity Analysts monitor. They also monitor the cybersecurity of an organisation to advise on software, hardware and processes that should be introduced.

Cybersecurity Engineers can expect to earn an average salary of $98,453.

To become a Cybersecurity Engineer, graduates typically require a bachelor’s or a master’s degree in engineering, IT or cybersecurity.

  1. Cybersecurity Specialist

One of the key responsibilities of a Cybersecurity Specialist is to plug security in at the development stages of software systems, networks and data systems. This might involve reviewing security and providing recommendations. It could also require the programming of customised defence systems and protocols.

To become a Cybersecurity Specialist, graduates typically require a master’s degree in cybersecurity. 

  1. Penetration Tester

Commonly known as ethical hackers, Penetration Testers were once individuals who transitioned from hacking for personal gain to using their skills for ethical reasons. Today, most Penetration Testers undergo formal training in penetration testing, acquiring the ability to think like hackers while adhering to legal and ethical standards.

Penetration Testers can expect to earn an average salary of $89,711.

To become a penetration tester, graduates typically require a master’s degree in cybersecurity. 

Genius Armoury offers a range of online courses to help introduce people to cybersecurity, exploring some of the fundamentals of coding, threats and exploits, networking and more. Available to anyone and free to complete, modules in the full course take around 30-90 minutes to complete. Start your journey today.




April 25th, 2024|Expert Stories|

Reading Time: 2 minutes The barriers to entry for women in cybersecurity are multifaceted. Studies have shown that managers in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) are likely to evaluate a CV with a male name more highly than an equivalent CV with a female name.



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